CONVENTIONAL AND RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES IN IRAN. Mansouri-Far Siamak. Belarusian State University. Minsk Belarus, 220030, Minsk, prosp. Nezavisimosti, 4 E-mail:

Iran has the fifth largest oil reserve and the second largest supply of natural gas in the world, Iran is one of the main global producers of hydrocarbons. Nevertheless, Iranian policymakers have shown great interest in renewable energy sources to improve energy security, reduce internal dependence on hydrocarbons, and meet its projected growth in electricity demand.

Until now Iranian energy mix was dominated by hydrocarbons. Natural gas and petroleum derivatives such as gasoline and fuel oil are used at traditional thermal and power plants that satisfy around 98 percent of Iranian total energy demand. The remaining two percent comes from a combination of hydropower, nuclear, biofuel and other renewable sources. The newly opened Mokran Solar Power Plants Complex is the latest proof of Iranian ambitions in renewable energy. The big solar plant was constructed in the eastern province of Kerman. It has a capacity of 20 megawatts. Iran has 32 provinces and SUNA (The Renewable Energy Organization of Iran), since 2010 up to now, is focused on exploration of geothermal areas in each province. Iranian first geothermal power plant located near the northwestern city of Meshkin Shahr will be operational at the end of the current year.